Lebih Tahu Tentang Hovercraft Transportasi Alternatif Darat dan Laut

Tigaserangkai.com – Lebih Tahu Tentang Hovercraft Transportasi Alternatif Darat dan Laut – adakah yang sudah tahu atau kenal dengan alat transportasi satu ini yang dapat berjalan di darat serta laun ini sahabat tiga serangkai? hovercraft atau dalam bahasa Indonesia adalah kapal melayang.

Hovercraft atau Kapal bantalan udara atau kapal melayang adalah suatu kendaraan yang berjalan di atas bantalan udara (air cushion). Bantalan udara tersebut ditimbulkan dengan cara meniupkan udara ke ruang bawah kapal ini (plenum chamber) melalui skirt (sekat yang lentur) sehingga tekanan udara di dalam plenum chamber lebih tinggi daripada tekanan udara luar sehingga timbul gaya angkat. Untuk menggerakkan kapal bantalan udara, digunakan gaya dorong yang diperoleh dari baling-baling seperti pada pesawat udara. Gaya angkat kapal ini bekerja pada penampang yang luas, sehingga tekanan terhadap tanah atau air (ground pressure) yang ditimbulkan tidak besar. Dengan demikian, kendaraan ini dapat berjalan di atas lumpur, air maupun daratan dengan membawa beban yang cukup berat. Karena tidak adanya kontak langsung antara hovercraft dan permukaan daratan atau air, maka hambatan yang terjadi kecil sehingga hovercraft dapat melaju dengan kecepatan tinggi.

Hovercraft sendiri memeiliki beberapa jenis yaitu :

1.Open Plenum

Jenis ini menggunakan konstruksi ruang terbuka dengan sebuah ruang besar yang berisi udara bertekanan tinggi. Konstruksi semacam ini memerlukan tenaga/energi yang besar untuk menjamin adanya tekanan yang cukup tinggi.

2.Peripheral Jet

Konstruksi rancangan Sir Christoper Cockerel memakai jet annular (cincin), udara dipompa ke sekeliling sisi kendaraan. Tenaga yang diperlukan lebih sedikit, untuk membangkitkan alas bantalan udara secara terus menerus.

3.Plexible Skirt

Pada konstruksi ini, selubung flexible pada jet annular menyebabkan penambahan ketinggian letak hovercraft sampai 10 kali lipat, dengan demikian hovercraft dapat melintasi medan darat yang permukaannya tidak rata maupun medan pantai yang kurang baik.

4.Fixed Wall

Pada konstruksi ini, hovercraft dengan dinding sisi yang baku ini dikenal dengan itilah CAB (Capture Air Bubble atau Gelembung Udara yang Diperangkap), dilengkapi dengan selubung yang bagian ringkas pada sisi haluan sedangkan dinding sisi dapat menutup rapat bantalan udara pada bagian bawah kendaraan.

pada beberapa negara maritim sudah mulai di aplikasikan alat transportasi ini sebagai salah satu alat perang, karena kemudahannya dalam berlabuh dimanapun kondisi lapangannya.

Lebih Tahu Tentang Hovercraft Transportasi Alternatif Darat dan Laut

referensi :

https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapal_bantalan_udara

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